CPR 101: 3 Life-Saving Skills & Procedures to Know

Lifestyle The List
By: Kristina Guerrero | Meredith Witthar | Lindsey Granger Posted: 5:49 PM, Apr 23, 2018

CPR – the majority of us know what it is, but a lot of us don't know how to do it. According to a new survey, only 54 percent of people know how to perform the life-saving procedure – and even less know how to do it right. We met up with Mark Cichoki and a few of his fellow firefighters to show us the basics on life-saving skills. 

1. Hands-Only CPR 

This is different from the CPR you may know, because you don't need to breathe into one's mouth. You start by making sure the person isn't responding. You then call 911, then you'll get right above the patient, lock your elbows in place, and do your chest compressions.  

You'll go at a rate of about 100-120 times a minute. And yes, The Office was right, you can use the beat of "Stayin' Alive." If that's not your jam, New York Presbyterian Hospital has made a Spotify playlist of some others to choose from like "You Can't Hurry Love" and others. 

2. How to Stop Bleeding 

This might be a scary situation to think of, but it's best to be prepared. If you're trying to stop someone from bleeding, go to your first aid kit. You'll most likely find gauze pads in there. Apply some to the wound and keep adding them as needed. You do not want to tear off the first one because you could tear off the clotting that's already developed. 

Keep going until the blood doesn't soak through and wait for emergency services to show up. 

3. The Heimlich Maneuver 

Here's the first thing you should do if you see a friend or family member choking. You're going to stand them up, wrap one hand around the other and place that down on their stomach. Your goal is to push the belly straight up underneath the ribs and into their lungs. That will hopefully blow that piece of food out. 

Overall, one of the most important things to remember when faced with a serious medical situation is to remain calm and contact first responders immediately. This list will keep you on the right track in taking the first steps that could potentially save someone's life. 

Do YOU know how to perform CPR? Have you been in a situation where you had to perform it on someone? Share your experiences on those comments below!